Balloon Lithophanes with LuBan
If you do not have LuBan yet, click here to download it.
The Balloon feature in LuBan takes your template image and makes it a
3-dimensional object, instead of a flat lithophane like you have seen so far. The Balloon Lithophane is two-sided, so you can choose one photo and it will be on both sides, or you can upload two photos to have something different on each side.
In this example, I used an image of a football I found and made the inside all white and everything else black using gimp. The cleaner the edges, the cleaner it will be on the finished Lithophane. As you can see in my example below, the edges of the template are rough, so is the Lithophane in the image above.
Choose a Photo
Lithophanes work best with high quality, high contrast photos.
Creating the Lithophane
To start making your Lithophane, open LuBan and go to File > Create > Lithophane
Next, choose Balloon from the Shape dropdown.
Import the Template first by clicking Browse next to Select template.
Next, Import the Photo by clicking on Browse next to Select photo.
For me, this is what it will look like in LuBan:
You can make micro-adjustments to the photo's location by changing the Center X and Center Y selections and rescaling the photo.
TIP Adjust one setting at a time and press Enter after changing the setting to have the change take effect.
TIP Make minor adjustments as needed
Balloon Specific Configurations
The Balloon Lithophane has a couple of different configurations specific to this feature.
Expansion refers to how "blown up" the Balloon lithophane is. The larger the value, the larger the effect.
Extra Space is the space between the two sides, essentially how wide the Lithophane will be. Determine how you are going to be lighting the Lithophane and figure out how big this space needs to be to accommodate the hardware you will be using.
Creating a Hole
LuBan has many fantastic features, but it can't create a hole for your Lithophane yet. You'll need to use another program. To do that, save the model in LuBan and then you can open it in meshmixer or another design program to cut out the hole you need before slicing the file and printing it. You can use this tutorial for creating the hole using the chitubox slicer.
Print the Lithophane
When you are ready to print, you need to slice the file in your favorite slicer. I use Cura and the gadunky profile for my Ender 3; it seems to work best for me. You will need to find a profile or make one that works for your printer.
Wall Line Count 6
Infill density 99%
The image was printed Exterior.
Unfortunately, I didn't have any good light source available, so this is stuffed with Christmas lights, but at least you can see the effect.